How to make a Wine Cellar in your basement?


How to make a Wine Cellar in your basement?


While building a wine cellar in your basement is a formidable task, the rewards are considerable and include creating greater value to your home. For every dollar invested building a wine cellar, you will easily see a 3-dollar return in increased property value. Plus, as a wine enthusiast, creating a cellar allows you to store your wine investment under proper conditions over a period of many years. Follow these instructions to complete the project successfully.

What you will need?!

  • 2 x 6 studs
  • 6 millimeter plastic sheeting
  • R19 and R30 insulation
  • Moisture resistant sheetrock
  • Moisture resistant paint
  • Wine cellar air conditioning unit
  • Cellar door
  • Wine racks
  • Hardwood or stone tile flooring material
  • Construction tools

Step 1: Planning
This is a major do-it-yourself project. For an average-sized wine cellar room a professional contractor would charge anywhere from $50,000 to $60,000. Additionally, if a cellar construction includes excavation and concrete pouring, the price can soar upwards. You will need to determine a realistic budget that will dictate the type and size you can afford building it yourself.

Step 2: Wine In?
If you decide to build a room that accommodates not only storage but also dining and tasting as well, you will need to double the space. A traditional wine storage cellar only is a 10×10-foot room that has enough wall space to store 1,600 bottles of wine.

Step 3: Air Conditioner
You will need to select a wine cellar room air conditioner that can properly preserve and mature your wine selection. Optimum room temperature should be maintained at between 55 to 59 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally the room humidity must be maintained at between 60 and 70 percent. Due to the unusual temperature and humidity requirements, normal home air conditioning units will not work. Depending on your needs or desires you can choose between a wall unit, a split system controlling temperature and humidity or a ducted system with no appliance inside the room. It all comes down to budget and aesthetics.

Step 4: Frame the Walls
Use 2×6 lumber to frame your wine cellar walls. This size lumber is necessary to accept R19 insulation which you will need to maintain a consistent temperature. However, don’t fret if you are using 2 existing walls that employ 2x4s. You can make it work and, in fact, it is recommended that you locate your wine cellar room where 2 existing walls can be used. If any existing walls are concrete, you will need to construct a two-sided frame attaching it to the existing wall

Step 5: Install Plastic
Staple the plastic sheeting to the outside walls, commonly referred to as the “warm” side of the wall. The plastic acts as a vapor barrier. If you have two existing walls and cannot access the outside, attach the plastic to the inside area, If the walls are concrete, first attach a anchor strip the length of the desire room on the top and on the bottom of each existing concrete wall to attach the plastic

Step 6: Install Electric
While your wine cellar walls are open, install all necessary electric you will need. Make sure to install according to your local codes.

Step 7: Wall Completion
Use R19 for wall insulation and R30 for the ceiling. If the floor is particularly cold, install furring strips as a base with rigid foam insulation on top and then whatever frame you desire on which to install flooring. Be aware of any necessary step-up when entering the room due to a floor build up. Sheath the interior walls with a moisture resistant product.

Step 8: Flooring
Install a moisture resistant flooring material such as hardwood or tile.

Step 9: Install Wine Racks and Door
Use the assistance of a wine specialist to determine the type and amount of racking to accommodate your selection. Keep in mind that if you are growing your hobby, you can add racks but select designs that will stay current in the future. Install your commercially acquired special wine cellar door that provides the needed insulation and air tight seal.

Looking forward to your comments!

Shawn Penoyer Interiors


Atlanta High end interior Designer

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